In the last few decades, there has been a gradual shift in the sources used to generate energy. The depletion of natural resources and the harmful effect on the environment due to the burning of fossil fuels are two of the primary reasons for this shift. Therefore, governments around the world and MNCs are now switching to non-conventional sources of energy to generate power.
One of these non-conventional sources of energy is wind energy. The wind turbines transform the kinetic energy into mechanical power, which generates electricity. However, all sources of energy have their respective advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will evaluate the pros and cons of wind energy.
Wind Turbines as a Source of Energy
This renewable source of energy harnesses the power of the wind to generate power, primarily, electricity. The uneven rise and fall in the temperature of the atmosphere and around geographical areas like mountains, plains, and valleys cause the force of the wind to differ in various areas. Hence, wind turbines are often set up in windy areas for electricity generation.
Wind energy is one of the rapidly growing renewable sources of energy in the US. It is also being widely used to generate electricity in the States. However, like other renewable sources of energy, wind energy also has its fair share of pros and cons.
Advantages of Wind Energy
Clean and Renewable Source of Energy
Non-renewable sources like coal, fossil fuel, natural gas, and petroleum generate harmful gases when burnt. They severely pollute the air and are one of the primary reasons for greenhouse gas emissions.
One of the primary reasons for the popularity of wind energy is because it is clean and renewable. Once the wind turbines are set up and the farm is in operation, it does not need any fuel or energy to operate. It is run solely on natural wind energy. Moreover, unlike fossil fuels and other non-renewable sources of energy, wind energy does not have an expiry date.
Lower Operating Cost
The initial cost of creating a wind farm or installing the wind turbines can be expensive. Nevertheless, once the turbines are in operation, there is no significant cost of running the turbines. The operation cost of running the wind farm is relatively low since it derives its fuel from a free source (wind). The turbines do not require any maintenance cost throughout their lifetime.
Advances in Technology
Preliminary wind turbine prototypes have been turned into highly powerful energy harvesters thanks to recent technological advancements. Turbines come in a variety of sizes, allowing them to be used by a diverse number of companies and individuals on bigger lots and plots of land. When technology advances, so do the structure’s capabilities, resulting in designs that produce more energy, need less maintenance, and operate more quietly and safely.
Disadvantages of Wind Energy
Wind Energy Intermittent
Weather plays a critical role in generating wind energy. The effectiveness of the turbines in generating electricity depends on the speed and power of the wind, and the direction in which it is flowing. Therefore, you cannot determine how much energy the turbine will generate over time. Hence, one cannot solely depend on the wind turbine to provide the necessary electricity in times of higher demand. They need a source of energy storage to store the electricity for future use.
Wind turbines are notoriously loud, which is why they’re often used in remote areas where few people live. Noise isn’t a concern if the turbines are situated in places away from the general civilization, in a patch of land away from the town. Newer architectures have been shown to reduce noise problems and have much better control of the noise as technology advances.
Dangerous to Wildlife
Wildlife has been reported to be harmed by wind turbines. Flying birds and bats whose habitats or migratory routes come into contact with the blades that transform on the fanlike mechanism of wind turbines as they spin could be damaged or killed. The deaths of birds and bats at power station sites is a contentious issue that has alarmed fish and wildlife conservation organizations.
Step Towards Sustainable Development
As development persists, the demand for sustainable growth continues to be critical in the minds of planners and developers. New Mexico Waters and Electric offers a sustainable alternative to our energy plans. Choosing greener options and renewable energy sources for development, growth, and electricity generation is not only progressive in terms of planning but also drives to achieve sustainable development goals.