Crystalline silicon solar panels are the most common alternative for household usage on the market right now. However, many people overlook that though these two categories are similar, they also have significant variances. You may find more information about monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels below.

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline

Both monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels perform the same purpose in a solar PV system: they gather solar energy and convert it to electricity. They are also both formed of silicon, which is utilized in solar panels since it is a plentiful and long-lasting element. Many producers of solar panels create both monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels.

Monocrystalline Solar Panels

Single crystalline cells are another name for monocrystalline solar cells. Because they are a dark black color, they are pretty simple to detect. Monocrystalline cells are comprised of a highly pure type of silicon, making them the most effective material for converting sunlight into energy.


Furthermore, monocrystalline cells are the most space-efficient kind of silicon solar cell. They also have the benefit of being the longest-lasting of all silicon-based solar cells. Indeed, many manufacturers will guarantee up to 25 years on this sort of system — a warranty that lasts half of its intended life.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Polycrystalline solar cells are sometimes referred to as polysilicon or multi-silicon cells. When the industry began in the 1980s, these were the first solar cells to be developed. Most notably, polycrystalline cells are not sliced in the same way as monocrystalline cells are. Instead, the silicon is heated before being put into a square mold. This is what gives the polycrystalline its distinctive form.


One advantage of this approach is that solar cells become considerably more inexpensive. This is because very little silicon is lost throughout the production process. They are, however, less efficient than monocrystalline solar cells and significantly need more area. This is because they have lower degrees of purity than single crystalline cell models.


Polycrystalline is also less heat resistant than monocrystalline. As a result, they are unable to perform as effectively under high temperatures. This can be a significant disadvantage in hot regions.

What Should You Choose?

One of the main reasons to go solar is to save money, and whether you pick mono or poly solar panels, you will reduce your power expenses. The choice you select is determined by your individual preferences, space limits, and the financing plan you choose.


  • Personal preference: If color is an important deciding factor for you, remember that monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels will create contrast on your roof. The regular monocrystalline panel will be a deeper black hue, but the average polycrystalline panel will have a bluer tint.


  • Space availability: If the space accessible on your roof limits the size of your PV system, you may go for elevated solar panels. As a result, in these cases, paying the extra cost for more efficient monocrystalline panels can help you optimize your electricity output. If you have abundant roof space or are constructing ground-mounted solar, lower-efficiency polycrystalline might be a more cost-effective alternative.


  • Solar installation financing: The way you fund your system can also influence whatever sort of panel you select. If you pick a power purchase agreement (PPA), for example, you pay per kilowatt-hour for the electricity generated by the system. This implies that your monthly payments, rather than the sort of equipment you are supplied, will decide your savings. Paying extra for high-efficiency monocrystalline panels, on the other hand, might result in more significant returns on your solar expenditure if you are purchasing your system.


Whatever you may prefer, New Mexico Water and Electric are here to take care of your solar installation needs. We not only provide the best quality monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels but also have professionals install them for you. Contact us today to learn more!

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